如何利用雅思阅读句型结构找出题点 ?
留学小站10-12

 

千万别以为雅思词汇量大就万事大吉了,读懂雅思阅读句型,拆得了句型结构的才是雅思阅读高分考生。本期小站雅思君就来谈谈如何利用雅思阅读句型结构找出题点。

雅思阅读中有很多句型结构关系,尤其在一些篇幅长、专业性又强的文章内容中,分清楚句子结构,看清表达关系,对快速找准出题点、提高雅思阅读速度很有帮助。

雅思阅读句型结构 1. 表转折:

but, however, yet, in fact, on the other hand;

A, but B: 否定 A 而肯定 B,则 A,B 两部分内容是相反的。

例如:Computerized data storage and electronic mail were to have heralded the paper less office. But, contrary to expectations, paper consumption throughout the world shows no sign of abating .

解释:paper less 表示负向,则 but 后 no sign of abating 表示正向,所以 abating 是表示负向的词。

总结:此种方法有利于在不认识单词的前提下读懂句子意思,很有帮助,但一定要练习,而且要敏感。

练习:The marginal costs of generating electricity from nuclear energy may be tiny, but , as the technology now stands, huge and uncertain costs are involved in building the power stations, dealing with spent fuel, and decommissioning.

雅思阅读句型结构 2. 表让步:

( 1 ) although:although A, B: 尽管有 A,B 还是出现了 ( A,B 互不影响 ) 若 A 是正,那 B 就是负的。

例如:Although the world regards Asia as the focus of an economic and industrial miracle, without adequate supplies of food, Lampe says, chaos could easily result in many countries.

解释:miracle 奇迹,表正向 , 则 but 后的 chaos 是一个表负向的词。

( 2 ) while:五个含义:

A. although:虽然,尽管

B. as long as:只要

C. whereas, but:表转折

D.when:当。。。的时候

E. n. 表一段时间

例如:While ducks offer many advantages over hens, they must be given greater quality of food, especially if regular eggs are desired.

解释:原文在本段之前讲鸭子的好,在本段之后讲它的不好。

雅思阅读句型结构 ( 3 ) Albeit:尽管,虽然

例如:Albeit true but not now.

雅思阅读句型结构3. 表并列:A and B

A...and B...

( 1 ) 并列双方性质相同 ;

( 2 ) 当 A、B 都比较复杂时,应该从最后一项找起,根据 B 的形式到前文找到 A

例如:The modern city consists of monstrous edifices and of dark, narrow streets full of petrol fumes and toxic gases, torn by the noise of the taxicabs, lorries and buses, and thronged ceaselessly by great crowds.

解释:此句话中共有四个 and , 第一个 and 并列 of 结构,第二个 and 并列 fumes 和 toxic, 第三个 and 并列 taxicabs, lorries 和 buses, 第四个 and 并列 full of … , torn by … 和 thronged …

雅思阅读句型结构 4 表递进:没有转折的意思,后项承接上文。

A furthermore B

A moreover B

A besides B

A 为正向,B 仍为正向。

雅思阅读句型结构 5 表顺序或过程:

( 1 ) first, then, next, later on, finally

( 2 ) 1st, 2nd, 3rd …

( 3 ) in the first place, in the second place …

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