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Anaximander,observing the motions of the heavens around the polestar, was probably the first of the Greek philosophers to picture the sky as sphere completely surrounding Earth--an idea that, elaborated upon later, would prevail until the advent of the Scientific Revolution in the seventeenth century.

polestarn. 北极星

sphere /sf ɪə / n. 球体，球形 ; 范围 ; 社会阶层，社会地位

elaborate/ ɪ 'l æ b ə ret/ v. 详尽解释或说明，详细制定

prevail /pr ɪ 've ɪ l/ v. 流行，盛行

advent /' æ dv ə nt/ n. 来临，到来

Anaximander, ( observing the motions of the heavens around the polestar ) , was probably the first of the Greek philosophers ( to picture the sky as sphere completely surrounding Earth ) -- ( an idea ) ( that, ( elaborated upon later ) , would prevail until the advent of the Scientific Revolution in the seventeenth century ) .

Anaximander was probably the first of the Greek philosophers

Anaximander ( 一直观察围绕北极星运动的天体 ) 可能是第一个希腊哲学家把天空描绘成完全围绕地球的球体——这个想法 ( 后来被详细阐述 ) 会流行到 17 世纪科技革命的到来。